Responsible Research and Innovation features both a product and process dimension:
Products be evaluated and designed with a view to their normative anchor points: high level of protection to the environment and human health, sustainability, and societal desirability.
The challenge here is to arrive at a more responsive, adaptive and integrated management of the innovation process. A multidisciplinary approach with the involvement of stakeholders and other interested parties should lead to an inclusive innovation process whereby technical innovators become responsive to societal needs and societal actors become co-responsible for the innovation process by a constructive input in terms of defining societal desirable products. The product and process dimension are naturally interrelated. Implementation is enabled by five mechanisms: technology assessment and foresight, application of the precautionary principle, normative /ethical principles to design technology, innovation governance and stakeholder involvement and public engagement. The matrix provides examples of lead questions to be answered by the stakeholder either from a product or process perspective in order to fully implement an RRI scheme (the lead questions with the same colour, represent the alternative emphasis on either the product or process dimension).
The paper outlining this approach can be freely retrieved at:
A vision of responsible research and innovation